COREALIS – Capacity with a pOsitive enviRonmEntal and societAL footprInt: portS in the future era – proposes a strategic, innovative framework, supported by disruptive technologies, including Internet of Things (IoT), data analytics, next generation traffic management and emerging 5G networks (RTPORT), for cargo ports to handle upcoming and future capacity, traffic, efficiency and environmental challenges.
RTPORT, the 5G-based Model-Driven Real Time Module, will allow a better management of the general cargo (e.g. storage optimization, yard-vehicles call optimization, loading/unloading phases optimization, etc.), resulting in faster throughput compared to traditional human-driven communications.
A full reorganized mobile network (5G), connecting smart sensors with cloud resources, will be used in order to minimize information flow and data processing. RTPORT with 5G network is expected to decrease environmental impacts by optimizing yard vehicles movements in the port area as well as improving workers safety and enhance their skills with digital tools. The main goal is to improve operational efficiency, optimize yard capacity and streamline cargo flows without additional infrastructural costs.
The effectiveness of RTPORT will be assessed in the Port of Livorno Living Lab.
AUTOPILOT is one of the European Commission’s Large-Scale Pilots (LSPs) on the Internet of Things, specifically Pilot 5: autonomous vehicle in a connected environment. It is a H2020 Innovation Action promoting the use of IoT for enabling Automated Driving. More than 40 partners are involved with an overall budget of 20 M€. Livorno is one of the six Pilot Sites (5 in EU + 1 in South Korea) where use cases and services are demonstrated in real traffic conditions. The testbed consists of two zones: 1) The Livorno – Florence freeway (FI-PI-LI); 2) The Livorno Sea Port landside. The partners involved in the activities are: CNIT (Pilot Site Leader), AVR, CONTINENTAL, FCA-CRF, THALES, TIM. The testbed specific features are: (a) IoT devices are deployed in the car and along the roads in both the Highway and the Urban Area; (b) 7 JEEP Renegade prototype vehicles are used: (c) 2 connected and AD cars, 5 connected cars; (d) A connected bicycle prototype is also included in the loop; (e) The MONI.C.A.TM Port Monitoring Centre; (f) Traffic Control Centre with DATEX-II node are integrated into the Pilot Site ICT infrastructure.
Use cases: (a) Highway Pilot: road hazard events announced by IoT devices enable speed adaptation and lane change functions on the AD cars.(b) Urban driving: vulnerable road users are detected at traffic light intersection and trigger brakes on the AD cars. Many weeks of experimentation have been executed in real traffic situation; on top, stakeholder workshops and public on-the-field demos have been performed at the Livorno Sea Port Cruise Terminal, with invited talks from: Regione Toscana, AdSP-MTS, Municipalities of Rome, Turin, Verona, Italian ITS association. The purpose of those events was to feed the evaluation tasks that investigate how IoT could offer improvements to automated driving according to technical, business impact, quality of life, user acceptance.
In the “connected vehicle” scenario, with the growth of interest on Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS) and the always increasing number of companies working on this field, security aspects and privacy concerns must be taken into account in the implementations. ETSI has developed a set of standards that define the so called ETSI ITS Trust Model which is based on a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) and provide authentication, authorization, liability identification, message non-repuditation and confidentiality, privacy and anonymity of the connected vehicles. CNIT has developed a full proprietary solution that is conformant with ETSI standards (ETSI TS 102 940, ETSI TS 102 941, ETSI TS 103 097, IEEE 1609.2) and it was successfully tested in the last ITS Cooperative Mobility Service PLUGTESTS™ Event (ITS CMS EVENT 6th, 25 February – 1 March 2019, Sophia Antipolis (FR)). Together with the other proprietary On-Board Unit (OBU) and Road-Side Unit (RSU) products, this asset completes CNIT offer with respect to C-ITS solutions.
The international freight transport between EU Member States is one of the three main pillars for a Single Europe Economic Area. URSA MAJOR Neo is a co-funded EU project addressing Cooperative ITS and automated, connected driving as well as dedicated actions in the scope of the TEN-T Core Network Corridors (road network along the RHINE-ALPINE and SCANDINAVIAN-MEDITERRANEAN CEF core network corridors, linking North-Sea-Ports, the Rhine and Ruhr area, metropolitan areas in southern Germany and in northern Italy and Mediterranean ports down to Sicily). Improving services for international freight traffic along the mentioned corridors is the main European added value of UMneo. The ITS deployments covered by URSA MAJOR Neo address at least one of the following topics: enhanced truck parking services (smart parking); improved traffic and traveller information; bottlenecks removal; improved safety for freight transport. In particular, AdSP in collaboration with CNIT is deploying a C-ITS infrastructure enabling the services of bottleneck removal (real-time information and early notification about potential traffic congestion, accompanied by suggestion of alternative routes), safety information (real-time information about hazard detected ahead on the road) and smart truck parking (truck drivers are suggested to use smart parking premises for a time lapse optimised on the basis of the real-time traffic along the route and the operational status at the port of Livorno). In this way, an added value is provided to the logistics sector, enhancing safety and efficiency in the port businesses.
Mobility 4.0 for Smart Cities (MOSAiC) is a project coordinated by ALSTOM FERROVIARIA SpA and co-funded by POR FESR Toscana 2014-2020. It started in March 2018 and its duration is 24 months. The aim of MOSAiC is to develop new Mobility 4.0 solutions for mobility operators (concessionaires, public transport companies, etc.). These services are related to the dynamic and real time management of vehicular traffic flow, and they will adopt the most innovative concepts in terms of transport: Mobility as a Service (MaaS), Active Transportation and Demand Management (ATDM), Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS), Smart Road, Connected and Autonomous Cars. Furthermore, MOSAiC will adopt the Industry 4.0 model (data collection and analysis, digital model creation, decision assistance, implementation) for the urban mobility management. MOSAiC addresses the following aspects of integrated mobility: First, providing the road infrastructure with sensor devices able to detect Vulnerable Road Users (VRU) and vehicles, by applying the IoT technologies to the urban mobility, according to C-ITS standards. At the same time MOSAiC will experiment scenarios for making the cities able to react dynamically and in real time to emergency situations (caused by vehicles) and adverse weather events. Other benefits regard the possibility to inform citizens and vehicles (both connected and not connected cars) about changes regarding traffic and parking policies, and to offer integrated services for intermodal mobility of goods and people.
The issue of sustainable mobility regards passengers’ trips using different types of transport means in various urban and cross-border areas. Due to adapting to users’ needs, info-mobility systems must propose multi-modal trips exploiting the whole public transport offered in a certain area. While implementing MaaS (Mobility as a Service), Info-mobility data play a crucial role in which users can purchase an integrated ticket via an application and can use it to obtain a complete transport offer. All the users’ data must be anonymized and processed according to the GDPR. The mobility EU Project called “MOBIMART” (“MOBilità Intelligente Mare-Terra”, intelligent land and maritime mobility) belongs to the Interreg Italia-Francia Maritime 2014-2020 Program. It aims to consider the transport services as “trips” from origin to destination, independently from the transport mode and the morphological characteristics of the territories. MOBIMART involves eleven Italian and French partners: Tuscany, Liguria, Sardinia Corse and Provence – Alpes – Côte d’Azur Regions; the Provinces of Livorno and Sassari; the Municipalities of Pisa and Genoa; the Sardinia and Livorno Port Network Authorities. The project leads to realize a digital platform which will collect and integrate all the public transport dynamic and static data (both scheduled and real-time ones) coming from the project partners. A proper register will track all the events. Currently CNIT is involved in the implementation of a service-oriented architecture (IaaS, PaaS, SaaS) at the port of Livorno, which can manage mobility data coming from the port Monitoring and Control system (MoniC.A). In MOBIMART, CNIT will provide a high-level integration with the needed ICT component and the proper level of connectivity. Finally, it is necessary that all the data which will be memorized and managed in standard for-mats (e.g. GTFS, GTFS-RT, EU-Transmodel-NeTEx) will be broadly available without restrictions, according to the “open data” paradigm.
MOBIMART project represents one of the theoretical use cases presented in the TM2.0 “Mobility as a Service” taskforce report.
GRAMAS is an Interreg Italy-France EU project which involves five partners and has Livorno Port Authority as project leader. Other partners are Port of Savona and “IRES Toscana” for Italy, Ports Toulon-Provence and “Creocean Oceanographie” for France. The aim of this project is to provide an Underwater monitoring system for the prediction and management of port silting. This system will be composed of a set of under-water sensors (Bathymeter, motion sensors, water speed sensor, etc.) used to collect all the needed data to model the seabed and predict its changes. This information will be available through Moni.C.A. platform and will allow planned and specific interventions to keep seabed under control and permit easier and safer berthing operations for big vessels. SE.D.RI.PORT project (SEdimenti, Dragaggi e RIschi PORTuali), in collaboration with Cagliari University, ISPRA, VAR Department, Toulon University, ARPAL, Province of Livorno and Corse Transportation Office proposes to introduce, in a cross-border context, a shared system for the constant monitoring of seabed silting, of weather and sea conditions and of the main chemical-physical parameters of the waters and sediments of the port areas and of the neighbouring coastal areas and to define common strategies for the restoration of the seabed. Capitalising on the contribution of previous projects and referring to current regulations and compendia of good practices, one of the objectives of SE.D.RI.PORT is to draw up guidelines to be adopted jointly in the cross-border area to improve the management of port dredging and moving sediments. In this context, CNIT will offer the silting monitoring system which is being deployed for GRAMAS project.
SAURON stands for “Scalable multidimensionAl sitUation awaReness sOlution for protectiNg european ports” and its first aim is to create a Situation Awareness platform that can assist, improve, and accelerate the response of security personnel to threat or attacks performed against a critical infrastructure. Nowadays coordinated and every time more complex terrorist attacks are shocking the world. Due to the progressive dependence of industrial sector and many critical infrastructures (CI) (e.g. EU ports) in ICT systems, the impact of a coordinated physical attack, a deliberate disruption of critical automation systems or even a combined scenario including both kind of attacks, could have disastrous consequences for the European Member States’ regions and social wellbeing in general. SAURON project proposes the holistic situation awareness concept as an integrated, scalable and yet installation-specific solution for protecting EU ports and its surroundings. The innovation concepts stands in the combination of the most advanced implementation of Physical and Cyber situation awareness layers, that feed the Hybrid situation awareness layer which is capable of determine the potential consequences of any threat and show the potential cascading effect of a detected threat in the two different domains (physical and cyber). All these features and capabilities will be made available to security personnel through the use of new visualization techniques like immersive interfaces, cyber 3D models and other advanced user interfaces that will enhance and accelerate the responsiveness of port security department. Livorno Port Authority is part of the SAURON Consortium as stakeholder, to study, validate, and analyse the benefits of SAURON Situation Awareness platform.
Project H2020 ROBORDER aims at integrating ground-breaking technologies towards the delivery of a fully functional autonomous surveillance system of remotely controlled single or swarms of unmanned vehicles which will incorporate multimodal sensors as part of an interoperable network to detect, assess and respond to hazardous situations in border surveillance missions and tasks. The complete network of sensors will include static networked sensors such as border surveillance radars. The static radar network will combine current and innovative photonics-based technologies assuring interoperability between the existing infrastructures and the new radars. The Livorno Pilot Use Case will demonstrate how a photonics-based radar network can detect passive boats in a more efficient way then traditional radar. Moreover, the radar network data, with the integration of surveillance image from dedicated cameras and some unmanned vehicles, will help the port Monitoring and Control Platform and the ROBORDER System to make an early and effective identification of the unauthorized approach to the harbour entrance.
CNIT is assisting the Port Authority in extending the portal towards new services (especially for rail and Ro-Ro traffic) while guaranteeing its evolution towards the most interesting EU practices. Generally speaking, major maritime carriers are demanding improvements in the efficiency of port operations. Cargo carried by ships must be loaded and unloaded quickly with minimal stopover time in the port. This is driving the implementation of more efficient processes and the reorganization of technologies in the terminals: connected platforms, cloud-based services, service-oriented architectures (SOA), sensors and other IoT technologies (M2M), augmented reality (AR), autonomous transportation, next generation mobile networks (5G) and blockchain-based technology.
Vessel Operators are managing vessel operations in the deep sea by means of on-board and cloud-based technologies. When moving towards port waters the vessels end up into a jungle of un-harmonized local dependencies that are slowing down the process of letting vessels more autonomous.
CNIT is assisting the Port Authority in the development of enhanced services targeting to vessel personnel (notably captain, pilot, officers and the crew) in the domain of vessel traffic management and maneuvering in port waters.
By means of 5G technology it will be possible to connect the vessel to the port network infrastructure as early as possible so that the port can provide real-time information about wind and waves to allow the captain to properly implement the berthing maneuver. Detailed cartographic views and high-definition maps can be transmitted over-air to the incoming vessels.
On the other hand the line operator can inform the port authority about failures in the machinery and eventually it can request support to ashore to be assisted in the approaching maneuver. CNIT is following this activity from the perspective of Research and Development, standardization in the framework of ETSI institutional activities and in cooperation with the Italian Coast Guard.